ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING - Chanakya Mandal Pariwar


PAPER‐I (subject code 1025)

1. Circuits – Theory :

Circuit components; network graphs; KCL, KVL; Circuit analysis methods : nodal analysis, mesh
analysis; basic network theorems and applications; transient analysis : RL, RC and RLC circuits;
sinusoidal steady state analysis; resonant circuits; coupled circuits; balanced 3-phase circuits. Two-port

2. Signals and Systems :

Representation of continuous-time and discrete-time signals and systems; LTI systems; convolution;
impulse response; time-domain analysis of LTI systems based on convolution and
differential/difference equations. Fourier transform, Laplace transform, Z-transform, Transfer function.
Sampling and recovery of signals DFT, FFT Processing of analog signals through discrete-time

3. E.M. Theory :  

Maxwell’s equations, wave propagation in bounded media. Boundary conditions, reflection and
refraction of plane waves. Transmission lines : travelling and standing waves, impedance matching,
Smith chart.

4. Analog Electronics : 

Characteristics and equivalent circuits (large and small-signal) of Diode, BJT, JFET and MOSFET.
Diode circuits : Clipping, clamping, rectifier. Biasing and bias stability. FET amplifiers. Current
mirror; Amplifiers : single and multi-stage, differential, operational feedback and power. Analysis of
amplifiers; frequency-response of amplifiers. OPAMP circuits. Filters; sinusoidal oscillators: criterion
for oscillation; single-transistor and OPAMP configurations. Function generators and wave-shaping
circuits. Linear and switching power supplies.

5. Digital Electronics : 

Boolean algebra; minimisation of Boolean functions; logic gates; digital IC families (DTL, TTL, ECL,
MOS, CMOS). Combinational circuits : arithmetic circuits, code converters, multiplexers and
decoders. Sequential circuits: latches and flip-flops, counters and shift-registers. Comparators, timers,
multivibrators. Sample and hold circuits, ADCs and DACs. Semiconductor memories. Logic
implementation using programmable devices (ROM, PLA, FPGA).

6. Energy Conversion :

Principles of electromechanical energy conversion : Torque and emf in rotating machines. DC
machines : characteristics and performance analysis; starting and speed control of motors.
Transformers : principles of operation and analysis; regulation, efficiency; 3-phase transformers. 3-
phase induction machines and synchronous machines : characteristics and performance analysis; speed

7. Power Electronics and Electric Drives :

Semi-conductor power devices : diode, transistor, thyristor, triac, GTO and MOSFET-static
characteristics and principles of operation; triggering circuits; phase control rectifiers; bridge
converters : fully-controlled and half-controlled; principles of thyristor choppers and inverters; DC-DC
converters; Switch mode inverter; basic concepts of speed control of dc and ac motor drives
applications of variable-speed drives.

8. Analog Communication :

Random variables : continuous, discrete; probability, probability functions. Statistical averages;
probability models; Random signals and noise : white noise, noise equivalent bandwidth; signal
transmission with noise; signal to noise ratio. Linear CW modulation : Amplitude modulation : DSB,
DSB-SC and SSB. Modulators and Demodulators; Phase and Frequency modulation : PM & FM
signals; narrows band FM; generation & detection of FM and PM, Deemphasis, Preemphasis. CW
modulation system : Superhetrodyne receivers, AM receivers, communication receivers, FM receivers,
phase locked loop, SSB receiver Signal to noise ratio calculation or AM and FM receivers.

PAPER II (subject code 1026)

1. Control Systems : 

Elements of control systems; block-diagram representations; open-loop & closed-loop systems;
principles and applications of feed-back. Control system components. LTI systems : time-domain and
transform-domain analysis. Stability : Routh Hurwitz criterion, root-loci, Bode-plots and polor plots,
Nyquist’s criterion; Design of lead-lad compensators. Proportional, PI, PID controllers. State-variable
representation and analysis of control systems.

2. Microprocessors and Microcomputers :

PC organisation; CPU, instruction set, register settiming diagram, programming, interrupts, memory
interfacing, I/O interfacing, programmable peripheral devices.

3. Measurement and Instrumentation :

Error analysis; measurement of current voltage, power, energy, power-factor, resistance, inductance,
capacitance and frequency; bridge measurements. Signal conditioning circuit; Electronic measuring
instruments : multimeter, CRO, digital voltmeter, frequency counter, Q-meter, spectrum-analyser,
distoration-meter. Transducers : thermocouple, thermistor, LVDT, strain-guage, piezo-electric crystal.

4. Power Systems: Analysis and Control :

Steady-state performance of overhead transmission lines and cables; principles of active and reactive
power transfer and distribution; per-unit quantities; bus admittance and impedance matrices; load flow;
voltage control and power factor correction; economic operation; symmetrical components, analysis of
symmetrical and unsymmetrical faults. Concepts of system stability: swing curves and equal area
criterion. Static VAR system. Basic concepts of HVDC transmission.

5. Power System Protection :

Principles of overcurrent, differential and distance protection. Concept of solid state relays. Circuit
brakers. Computer aided protection : introduction; line, bus, generator, transformer protection; numeric
relays and application of DSP to protection.

6. Digital Communication :

Pulse code modulation (PCM), defferential pulse code modulation (DPCM), delta modulation (DM),
Digital modulation and demodulation schemes : amplitude, phase and frequency keying schemes
(ASK, PSK, FSK). Error control coding : error detection and correction, linear block codes,
convolation codes. Information measure and source coding. Data networks, 7-layer architecture.