Administration Theory

1. Introduction :
Meaning, scope and significance of Public Administration, Wilson’s vision of Public Administration,
Evolution of the discipline and its present status. New Public Administration, Public Choice approach;
Challenges of liberalization, Privatisation, Globalisation; Good Governance: concept and application; New
Public Management.

2. Administrative Thought :
Scientific Management and Scientific Management movement; Classical Theory; Weber’s bureaucratic
model its critique and post-Weberian Developments; Dynamic Administration (Mary Parker Follett);
Human Relations School (Elton Mayo and others); Functions of the Executive (C.I. Barnard); Simon’s
decision-making theory; Participative Management (R. Likert, C. Argyris, D. McGregor.)

3. Administrative Behaviour :
Process and techniques of decision-making; Communication; Morale; Motivation Theories content,
process and contemporary; Theories of Leadership: Traditional and Modem:

4. Organisations :
Theories systems, contingency; Structure and forms: Ministries and Departments, Corporations,
Companies; Boards and Commissions; Ad hoc, and advisory bodies; Headquarters and Field relationships;
Regulatory Authorities; Public-Private Partnerships.

5. Accountability and Control :
Concepts of accountability and control; Legislative, Executive and judicial control over
administration; Citizen and Administration; Role of media, interest groups, voluntary organizations; Civil
society; Citizen’s Charters; Right to Information; Social audit.

6. Administrative Law :
Meaning, scope and significance; Dicey on Administrative law; Delegated legislation; Administrative

7. Comparative Public Administration :
Historical and sociological factors affecting administrative systems; Administration and politics in
different countries; Current status of Comparative Public Administration; Ecology and administration;
Riggsian models and their critique.

8. Development Dynamics :
Concept of development; Changing profile of development administration; ‘Anti-development thesis’;
Bureaucracy and development; Strong state versus the market debate; Impact of liberalisation on
administration in developing countries; Women and development the self-help group movement.

9. Personnel Administration :
Importance of human resource development; Recruitment, training, career advancement, position
classification, discipline, performance appraisal, promotion, pray and service conditions; employeremployee relations, grievance redressal mechanism; Code of conduct; Administrative ethics.

10. Public Policy :
Models of policy-making and their critique; Processes of conceptualisation, planning, implementation,
monitoring, evaluation and review and their limitations; State theories and public policy formulation.

11. Techniques of Adminstrative Improvement :
Organisation and methods, Work study and work management; e-governance and information
technology; Management aid tools like network analysis, MIS, PERT, CPM.

12. Financial Administration :
Monetary and fiscal policies: Public borrowings and public debt Budgets types and forms; Budgetary
process; Financial accountability; Accounts and audit.


Indian Administration

1. Evolution of Indian Administration :
Kautilya Arthashastra; Mughal administration; Legacy of British rule in politics and administration
Indianization of Public services, revenue administration, district Administration, local self Government.

2. Philosophical and Constitutional framework of Government :
Salient features and value premises; Constitutionalism; Political culture; Bureaucracy and
democracy; Bureaucracy and development.

3. Public Sector Undertakings :
Public sector in modern India; Forms of Public Sector Undertakings; Problems of autonomy,
accountability and control; Impact of liberalization and privatization.

4. Union Government and Administration :
Executive, Parliament, Judiciary-structure, functions, work processes; Recent trends; Intragovernmental relations; Cabinet Secretariat; Prime Minister’s Office; Central Secretariat; Ministries and
Departments; Boards; Commissions; Attached offices; Field organizations.

5. Plans and Priorities :
Machinery of planning; Role, composition and functions of the Planning Commission and the National
Development Council; ‘Indicative’ planning; Process of plan formulation at Union and State levels;
Constitutional Amendments (1992) and decentralized planning for economic development and social

6. State Government and Administration :
Union-State administrative, legislative and financial relations; Role of the Finance Commission; Governor;
Chief Minister; Council of Ministers; Chief Secretary; State Secretariat; Directorates.

7. District Administration since Independence :
Changing role of the Collector; Union-State-local relations; Imperatives of development management and
law and order administration; District administration and democratic decentralization.

8. Civil Services :
Constitutional position; Structure, recruitment, training and capacity building; Good governance
initiatives; Code of conduct and discipline; Staff associations; Political rights; Grievance redressal
mechanism; Civil service neutrality; Civil service activism.

9. Financial Management :
Budget as a political instrument; Parliamentary control of public expenditure; Role of finance ministry in
monetary and fiscal area; Accounting techniques; Audit; Role of Controller General of Accounts and
Comptroller and Auditor General of India.

10. Administrative Reforms since Independence :
Major concerns; Important Committees and Commissions; Reforms in financial management and human
resource development; Problems of implementation.

11. Rural Development :
Institutions and agencies since Independence; Rural development programmes: foci and strategies;
Decentralization and Panchayati Raj; 73rd Constitutional amendment.

12. Urban Local Government :
Municipal governance: main features, structures, finance and problem areas; 74th Constitutional
Amendment; Global-local debate; New localism; Development dynamics, politics and administration with
special reference to city management.

13. Law and Order Administration:
British legacy; National Police Commission; Investigative agencies; Role of Central and State Agencies
including para military forces in maintenance of law and order and countering insurgency and terrorism;
Criminalisation of politics and administration; Police-public relations; Reforms in Police.

14. Significant issues in Indian Administration:
Values in public service; Regulatory Commissions; National Human Rights Commission; Problems of
administration in coalition regimes; Citizen administration interface; Corruption and administration;
Disaster management.